Insomnia and its treatment

Insomnia and its treatment

Insomnia is finding trouble in falling asleep even if a person is willing to sleep or has a full chance to sleep. It a sleeping disorder which is primarily caused due to irregular and careless lifestyle. Other reasons include worrying, sadness, anger or trauma. Insomnia can cause serious issues if preventive measures are not taken.

What are the various causes?

  • Disturbances in rhythm: These include changes in lifestyle, job timing, extreme temperature or environmental disruptions.
  • Psychological Reasons: These are depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder or physiological problems.
  • Medical Issues: There could be various medical conditions like chronic pain, heart failure, asthma, tumours or any other medical problem.
  • Hormonal Effects: Release of Estrogen or hormone change in girls during menstruation.
  • Other Reasons: Genetic conditions, overactive mind or pregnancy.

Other than this exposure to media devices for a long time can also cause insomnia. This changes the regular pattern of sleeping and makes the person sleep deprived.

What are the various signs to identify?

  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Waking up in between sleeping hours
  • Feeling tired after sleeping
  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Poor concentration
  • Not being organized or uncoordinated
  • Difficulty in socializing
  • Worry for sleep
  • Regular Headaches

What are the various types?

  • Transient Insomnia: This type of insomnia occurs if your symptoms occur up to regular three nights.
  • Acute Insomnia: The short term or acute insomnia occurs if symptoms last up to a few weeks.
  • Chronic Insomnia: This insomnia lasts long for about a few months or even years.

How to treat Insomnia?

The basic approach of treating insomnia is treating its cause which eventually treats insomnia. The following medical treatments are generally prescribed by doctors:

  • Sleeping pills
  • Anti-depressing medicines
  • Sleeping Aids
  • Melatonin
  • Ramelteon
  • Antihistamines

How it can be treated at home?

  • Sleep Hygiene: This includes proper patterns in sleep, exercising, maintaining the schedule for sleeping, avoiding caffeine and nicotine, getting a balanced diet. It includes following a proper routine.
  • Relaxation Techniques: This includes meditation and yoga.
  • Stimulus Therapy: This schedules going to sleep only when feeling sleepy.
  • Sleep Restriction: It includes reducing the time and activities in bed and depriving sleep to increase tiredness.

Insomnia is a sleeping disorder and not a disease. It can be treated with an improvement in lifestyle and daily behaviour. Also, insomnia can be avoided by taking proper sleep without any irregularity and balancing life activities. One can always see for insomnia studies near me to get proper guidance and observation on sleep patterns and insomnia.

Jacqueline Hanson